Wing Chun is a holistic self-defence system.
There are many aspects to Wing Chun and I have summarised some of the main concepts below:
Wing Chun is a martial art that focuses on teaching students how to defend their body’s centre-line whilst attacking their opponents centre-line. If you imagine a line that runs from the top of your head, right down the centre of your body – by protecting this you protect your eyes, nose, throat, solar plexus, abdomen and groin. In attacking an opponent’s centre line, you are attacking these same vital parts of their body. The aim is a quick, precise, effective defence against an opponent.
The effectiveness of defence relies on a simple scientific concept – in Wing Chun we don’t use force against force. Instead we aim to disperse or redirect the force coming from the opponent. In order to redirect or disperse the attackers force and energy, we use specific techniques and the strength of triangular body positioning. Wing Chun students learn how specific body/arm shapes, footwork and angles will help them defend against opponents, and reach their vulnerable centre line.
Wing Chun is a very efficient form of fighting as it promotes economy of motion. We live by the rule that the quickest route from A to B is a straight line. For example, in Wing Chun we recognise that a straight line punch will reach an opponent far quicker than their looping punch will reach us.
With this energy saving theory in mind it is worth noting that in Wing Chun we don’t encourage big ‘flowery’ blocking movements. Instead we block just enough to disperse the attack, so we can immediately continue with our own offense. In fact, nearly all the blocks we learn in Wing Chun travel towards the opponent, with the aim of reaching their centre line. And in doing so, we can defend and attack in one swift movement. Why use two movements, of defence, and then attack, when just one will do the same job quicker and more effectively?
We do use kicks in Wing Chun, but all kicks are below the waistline, predominately to destroy an opponent’s knees, to trip them, and/or to break their structure.
Wing Chun is a multi-strike system. We aren’t aiming for that one knock-out punch. We use continuous striking – punches, elbows, palms, finger strikes, knees and kicks – until the threat has been nullified.
Unique to Wing Chun is Chi-Sau (sticking hands), which is a sensitivity exercise. During Chi-Sau, two Students will link arms and try to attack each another. This is a controlled way to experiment with different attacks whilst testing the stability of your own defence. As students progress higher through the grades and their sensitivity improves, this can be performed blind folded!
Wing Chun has 3 empty hand (no weapons) forms, 2 weapons forms and a wooden dummy form
Empty Hand Forms
Sil Lum Tao (Little Ideas)
Chum Kiu (Seeking the Bridge)
Biu Jee (Thrusting/Darting Fingers)
Bart Cham Do (8 Cutting Broadsword Techniques)
Luk Dim Boon Gwun (6½ Point Long Pole Form)
Wooden Dummy Form
Muk Yan Chong (Wooden Man)
The Lun Kuen Wing Chun system that I teach also benefits from 14 additional fighting forms, which were created by Master Steve Lyons. These forms were created to help students have a deeper understanding of how to use Wing Chun in self-defence and fighting scenarios, and provide extra footwork and positioning training. These extra forms also help to speed up learning and understanding of Wing Chun, by providing extra practise to improve motor skills and cement crucial self-defence techniques into muscle memory.